What is Canal Treatment?

To understand canal treatment, it is necessary to have a general knowledge about the structure of the tooth. The tooth is from the outside to the inside; enamel consists of 3 main layers, dentin and pulp. The natural cavity in the center of the tooth is also called the root canal. Pulp is the soft tissue inside the root canal. This tissue is rich in blood vessels and nerves that feed the female. 

In ancient times, when an infection or inflammation progressed to the pulp layer, the tooth became unrecoverable and retractable. The latest developments today allow the pulp layer of the tooth to be cleaned and refilled. Although the pulp and the nerves in it are removed, the tooth performs its basic function. This is due to the fact that after the teeth come out of the gums and become final, the tooth nerves are not vital. The only task of dental nerves in adults is sensory functions such as feeling hot and cold. 

When the nerve tissue or pulp of a tooth is damaged, it breaks down and the bacteria begins to multiply here. Bacteria can lead to an intense infection or abscess. Abscess is a pus-filled swelling that occurs at the end of the tooth roots. When tooth decay is left untreated, it can lead to serious conditions such as bone loss around the root.

How Long Does Canal Treatment Last, How is Canal Treatment Done?

Canal treatment occurs in a single session or two sessions due to tooth damage. If the infection in the tooth is very common, canal treatment can be completed in three sessions. Canal treatment can be performed by a dentist or endodontist. Endodontist is a dentist specializing in the causes, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases of the tooth extract (pulp) or tooth nerve. 

The first step in canal treatment is to take an X-ray to see the shape of the root canals and determine if there are any signs of infection in the surrounding bone. Your dentist or endodontist then uses local anesthesia to numb the area next to the tooth. Anesthesia may not be necessary because the nerve is dead, but most dentists prefer to numb the area to make the patient more comfortable and calm. Next, your dentist places a waterproof material around the tooth to keep the area dry and away from saliva during treatment.

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In the next step, a hole will be drilled into the tooth to reach the infected area. Together with bacteria, pulp, rotten nerve tissue and related infection rashes within this area are removed from the tooth. The channel must be expanded in order to perform the cleaning process in full and to fill the channel effectively.

For channel expansion, channel tools similar to nail files are used. This process is called channel networking. During this procedure, the patient does not feel any pain as the nerves are removed. Water or sodium hypochlorite components are periodically used to remove both the debris accumulated during the trilogy process and the residues left inside.

After thorough cleaning of the tooth, it should be sealed. Some dentists prefer to wait a week before filling the tooth permanently. For example, if the presence of an infection is suspected, your dentist may put a special drug inside the tooth to remove the infection. Some dentists may choose to close the tooth on the day it is cleaned. If root canal treatment is not completed on the same day, a temporary filling is made in this cavity in the teeth so that residi such as saliva and food do not fill.

Filling this cavity after the inside of the tooth is completely cleaned is important both in terms of preventing new infections and gaining strength to the tooth. To fill the tooth, a rubber compound called guta percha is used. Ghouta percha is a substance that resembles a thin stick but does not cause a reaction in the body. Before placing this substance, dryness of the dental canal is provided with paper cones and the length of the opening channels is measured with special tool. According to this length, gouaches are adjusted and excesses are cut with heat. Although it is the substance that fills the main cavity of the guta percha root canal, additional mixtures need to be used to prevent and fix the leakage. As a result of the procedure, the hole is closed and the canal treatment is completed. Depending on the damage to the tooth, a restoration technique known as filling is applied among the public. Proper application of restoration is one of the factors affecting the success of canal treatment.


Pain during dental canal treatment

Canal treatments are thought to be painful, but in fact, canal treatments do not cause more pain than a simple filling process. However, since each person’s pain threshold is different, it is not right to claim that no pain is felt. The patient may feel discomfort and sensitivity during the procedure in some cases. The discomfort felt is not caused by the procedure, but by the inflammatory situation there.

Pain after root canal treatment

Canal treatment is a treatment to relieve pain and save the tooth. Especially if there is pain or infection before the procedure, tenderness may be felt in that tooth for several days. This sensitivity or discomfort can usually be controlled by over-the-counter painkillers such as ibuprofen or naproxen. Most patients return to their normal activities the next day.